***Do not separate your sources into the different media. Put them into alphabetical order, according to the Authors' last names, or the title if no author is given.


Using InfoTrac or Canadian Reference Centre Databases


Basic Format                                                                                                                         

Author, A. A., Author B. B. & Author C. C. (Date). Article title.  Periodical title.  Vol., Page(s). Retrieved month day, year, from <URL> (or subscription database)



Leo, J. (1994, June) Learning to say No. US News & World Report, p. 24. Retrieved Oct.22, 2005 from EBSCO database.


Vojtech, Mastny. (2002)  Prague. World Book Encyclopedia  Retrieved Oct. 22, 2005, from http://www.proquestk12.com


Using Documents from Internet Sites


Basic Format

Author, A. A. or Organization (if available).  (Date).  Title of page/segment.  Retrieved Date, from <URL>



British Broadcasting Corporation. (n.d.).  William Shakespeare (1564-1616). Retrieved January 29, 2007, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/Shakespeare_william.shtml


 Note: If no author is available, begin with the name of the organization or sponsor. Ie.

The American Museum of Photography. (2001, Oct. 20). A More Perfect World.  New York: Retrieved Oct. 25, 2005 from World Wide Web: http://www.photography-museum.com/main.html


**When citing an entire Web site, it is necessary to include the full URL link where the information is found.  Do not use the homepage as your URL.  


Using Books and Magazines, Newspapers, Journals


Basic Format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.  (Date). Title of book. Location: Publisher. 


Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Date).  Article title. Periodical title, Vol., Page(s).

Note:  If no author is available, begin with the title of the book, and then the date.



Charlesworth, Roberta, ed. (1989). A new Anthology of Verse. Toronto: Oxford  Press.


Findley, R. (1999, Feb). Our National Forests: Problems in Paradise. National Geographic, pp.306-



Hallin, D.S. (1998). Sound bite news. Journal of Communication, Vol. 42, pp.5-24.


Embedded Citations:

If the author is mentioned in the lead-up phrase, use this format:

(Date, pg.) 

Ie.  (2007, p. 129)


If the author is not  mentioned in the lead-up, use this format:

AuthorA, AuthorB, AuthorC, AuthorD, and AuthorE, Date, Page)

Ie. (Canfield, Hansen, and Kirbereger, 2007, p. 177)