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Grade 10 Chapter 1

 1. 

Piston rings are used to keep combustion pressure and oil from leaking between the piston and the cylinder wall.
 

 2. 

The brake system uses friction to stop the vehicle.
 
 
Match the following terms and identifying phrases.
a.
intake stroke
c.
power stroke
b.
compression stroke
d.
exhaust stroke
 

 3. 

Draws air-fuel mixture into combustion chamber.
 

 4. 

Produces energy to operate engine.
 

 5. 

Removes burned gases from engine.
 

 6. 

Squeezes trapped fuel mixture.
 

 7. 

The air conditioner is part of the vehicle’s cooling system.
 

 8. 

Opening of the engine's valves is controlled by the crankshaft.
 

 9. 

An ignition coil produces a high output ______________________________ to fire the engine’s spark plugs.
 

 

 10. 

Force is transmitted from the engine to the vehicle's wheels by the drive train.
 

 11. 

______________________________ construction uses sheet metal body panels that are welded together to form the vehicle’s body and frame.
 

 

 12. 

All internal combustion engines use spark plugs to ignite the air-fuel mixture.
 

 13. 

A(n) ______________________________ produces an electrical signal to inform the computer of a change in a condition.
 

 

 14. 

The engine’s ______________________________ changes up-and-down motion into rotary motion.
 

 

 15. 

An automotive ____ is a group of related parts that perform a specific job.
a.
sequence
c.
component
b.
process
d.
system
 

 16. 

The engines that are used in most automobiles are ____ engines.
a.
four-stroke cycle
c.
multi-cylinder
b.
piston
d.
All of the above.
 

 17. 

Technician A says that the chassis of an automobile typically includes everything but the body. Technician B says that the chassis is just another name for the vehicle's body. Who is right?
a.
A only.
c.
Both A and B.
b.
B only.
d.
Neither A nor B.
 

 18. 

For efficient engine operation, the fuel system must provide the correct mixture of ______________________________ and fuel.
 

 

 19. 

The toxic substances produced by an engine are reduced by the vehicle’s ______________________________ control system.
 

 

 20. 

The radiator of a vehicle is part of its ____ system.
a.
cooling
c.
fuel
b.
electrical
d.
lubrication
 

 21. 

Electrical energy drawn from the battery when starting the vehicle is replaced by the ______________________________ system.
 

 

 22. 

A transmission and differential are combined in the ______________________________ used by front-wheel drive vehicles.
 

 

 23. 

In a diesel engine, compression pressure heats ______________________________ enough to ignite the fuel.
 

 



 
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